In every century, every field in science has its personal "tour de force", an individual with enormous intellect and prodigious research output who pushes the field to new boundaries. In 20th century chemistry, it can be argued that such an individual was Linus Pauling (1901-1994).


No More War Against Vitamin C...
It's a resurgence that would cause Dr. Linus Pauling to be elated, having started one of these revivals in 1970 with the publication of his book, Vitamin C and the Common Cold


Diagnosis: Corruption...
In 1970 Linus Pauling’s book, Vitamin C and The Common Cold, was published. From a statistical standpoint, the daily dietary consumption of vitamin C remained about the same over the past half century. But a significant number of people began taking vitamin C pills to supplement their diet. Pauling may have prolonged the lives of millions with the publication of his book.



Welcome to the Bolen Report


Chronic Scurvy: The 50-Year Suppression of the Real Nature, Cause and Outright Cure for Heart Disease...
"Time has moved on and the medical profession has FAILED over the past 50 years to produce the required experiments. The budget of say the NIH alone is over 27 billion but over the past 50 years no-one has replicated the early vitamin C and heart disease research, which could be done by almost any cardiologist from petty cash.

Since Pauling and others have promoted this as a cure for heart disease, it seems silly to the intelligent bystander that this cure for the biggest single killer in the developed nations (atherosclerosis) has not been refuted. To a scientist from any other discipline this would be bizarre.

The fact is that the experiments have been done in animals and the results show that ascorbate protects against atherosclerosis and may reverse it. There is some additional evidence from human studies that is consistent with this interpretation. So why have the human studies not been performed? Or we may ask if they have been performed but the data not released. Note that the enemies of Pauling and the drug companies would love to see the Pauling hypothesis discredited. So why have the experiments not been reported?

The people are beginning to catch up with the situation. The answer is that the experiments must be performed or medicine will lose credibility. If the answer comes out positive and ascorbate/lysine/tocotrienols can reverse heart disease how can you explain 5 decades of unnecessary illness and death?" - Dr. Steve Hickey, Email December 18, 2004



"It does not require a leap of faith to believe in the Pauling therapy for heart disease. All you need are two eyes, two ears, and one deathly ill heart patient." - Owen Fonorow




THE TOLL:*




PAULING'S DAILY PRESCRIPTION FOR GOOD HEALTH:*
Vitamin C 1000-18,000 mg
Vitamin E 800 iu
Vitamin A 20,000-40,000 iu
Vitamin K none
Vitamin D 800 iu
Vitamin B1 50-100 mg
Vitamin B2 50-100 mg
Vitamin B3 300-600 mg
Vitamin B6 50-100 mg
Vitamin B12 0.1-0.2 mg
Folacin 400-800 mg
Pantothetic Acid (Vit B5) 100-200 mg
*How to Live Longer and Feel Better (1986)








THE PAULING HEART DISEASE CURE:*
Vitamin C 5000-18,000 mg
Amino Acid Lysine 5000-6000 mg

*1992 Linus Pauling Video on Heart Disease: A Unified Theory






Why has antioxidant therapy not been properly investigated?
Antioxidant therapy may indeed be curative, as Pauling and others have suggested. We do not know if this is in fact the case and neither does the medical profession. More importantly, they appear to have little interest in finding out. It is almost unbelievable that medical science has ignored theories of the cause and possible cures for the biggest killers in the western world. The theories have been proposed by responsible scientists over a period of half a century.

When we looked at James Lind's cure for scurvy, the question was, would you eat the citrus fruit if you were on the ship and knew the results of the experiment? The current question is essentially the same. If heart disease and stroke could be caused by insufficient vitamin C in the diet, is there any reason not to take supplements?" - Steve Hickey and Hilary Roberts, ASCORBATE: The Science of Vitamin C, 2004, Pg. 171.



Linus Pauling, PhD A Decade After His Last Interview, His Reputation Continues to Grow



THE LIFE OF LINUS PAULING...



Linus Pauling lectures on Vitamin C and Heart Disease






The vitamin C controversy is resolved ...

ASCORBATE
"If the claims for vitamin C are correct, it might replace many lucrative and expensive medications. As they researched their book ASCORBATE, Hickey and Roberts began to wonder if Pauling's offense had been to discuss openly the properties of a substance that threatens the profitability of medicine. "




LINUS PAULING: CRUSADING SCIENTIST Richter Videos, 57 minutes


Linus Pauling Interview

On the theoretical front, Pauling was largely responsible for the immensely successful extrapolation from quantum physics to chemistry. On the experimental front, Pauling investigated molecular structures using quantum mechanics, x-ray diffraction, electron diffraction, magnetic effects, and heats of reaction to calculate interatomic distances in molecule and the angles between chemical bonds. He introduced the concepts of hybrid orbitals, directed valency, the partial ionic character of covalent bonds, and resonance of molecular structure. His book /The Nature of the Chemical Bond and the Structure of Molecules and Crystals/ was the most influential chemical text in the 20th century. When he moved into biochemistry, Pauling did important work on the structure of proteins and the molecular basis of sickle cell anemia. He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954.

Linus Pauling Biography...

Oregon State U. study contradicts national findings on supplements...

John Hopkins University has now found that combining vitamin E and vitamin C supplements can dramatically reduce the risk of Alzheimer's ...

High vitamin C intake protects against the development of painful rheumatoid arthritis...

High Vitamin-C Linked to Reduced Stroke Risk... "The risk of stroke was 70% higher among those in the lowest quartile for serum vitamin C than among those in the highest."

Vitamin C reverses osteoporosis in mice ...

Vitamin C Boosts Immune System in as Little as 5 hours, Study Shows...

How Vitamin C Is Administered Affects How Much Reaches the Bloodstream and May Affect the Results of Studies of Its Potential Effect on Cancer ...

Observations On the Dose and Administration of Ascorbic Acid When Employed Beyond the Range Of A Vitamin In Human Pathology...

Cathcart's Famous Paper: Vitamin C, Titrating to Tolerance...

PAULING UNIFIED THEORY VIDEO...

Irwin Stones 1972 Book: THE HEALING FACTOR, Vitamin C Against Disease now on-line...

Vitamins C & E Cut ICU Deaths in Half... Randomized, Prospective Trial

Arizona State University Researchers Find Scurvy Is Serious Health Problem...

Lack of Vitamin C Linked to Respiratory Disorders ...

Ames: High Dose Vitamins can Treat more then 50 Genetic Disorders ...

Vitamin C: Natures Perfect Statin for Lowering Cholesterol...

1985 Harwood, et. al. 'Statin' Paper...

Effect of ascorbic acid on plasma cholesterol in humans in a long-term experiment...In all these time intervals, ascorbic acid was found significantly to depress cholesterolemia and its effects persisted 6 weeks after termination of the experiment.

Low Blood Vitamin C Concentrations in the Older British Population Strongly Predict Mortality... UK STUDY: ANTIOXIDANT VITAMINS AND MORTALITY IN OLDER PERSONS... RESULTS: Strong inverse relationship for blood ascorbate (vitamin C) concentrations with all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality, which were only marginally reduced after adjustment for confounders or supplement use. Those in the lowest fifth (< 17 micromol/L) had the highest mortality, whereas those in the highest fifth (> 66 micromol/L) had a mortality risk nearly half that (hazard ratio = 0.54; 95% CI: 0.34, 0.84). Similar results were found after the exclusion of those subjects with cardiovascular disease or cancer at baseline (hazard ratio = 0.51; 0.28, 0.93). In fully adjusted models, there was no evidence for an influence of alpha-tocopherol (vitamin-E), beta-carotene, or retinol (vitamin-A) on total mortality. Dietary antioxidants measured by the food-frequency questionnaire were not associated with all-cause or cardiovascular disease mortality

"According to newly revealed science, the belittled mega-dose vitamin C users may be purchasing the cheapest and most effective health insurance one can buy."

Vitamin C RDA Based on Flawed Science...

Linus Pauling Vindicated; Researchers Claim RDA for Vitamin C is Flawed ...

Is the Recommended Dietary Allowance for Vitamin C Too Low?

Dynamic flow: resolving the vitamin C controversy...

Fins Come Clean: Now Antioxidants Decrease Smokers' Cancer Risk ...So, were they lying?

Antioxidants can protect your body from disease... In contrast, researchers found that mutant fruit flies they created with super SOD lived 48 percent longer, were resistant to externally imposed stressors that killed their normal counterparts and were quite spry and youthful into old age...